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Pak- Saudi- Iran relations in the view of IMA

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Dubbed as the NATO of the Muslim world- Islamic Military Alliance (IMA) since its inception has been quite a ride, may or may not be as an alliance in itself or its proposed functions, but surely for the bilateral ties between the three powers of the Islamic worlds Pakistan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and The Islamic Republic of Iran. The military alliance has made the three countries to sketch their future ties carefully by analyzing the possible outcomes of any wrong decision, for the geostrategic challenges of the region has exacerbated if viewed in the wake of Islamic Military Alliance. This paper will be analyzing how IMA shaped the relations between these states and how they have been trying to cope with the challenges and response to the challenges that appeared for each state in the aftermath of the formation of IMA.


1-Fariha Ahmad Hashmi
M. Phil. Scholar, Department of IR, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.

2-Muhammad Imran Ashraf
Assistant Professor, Department of International Relations, National Defence University, Islamabad, Pakistan.


IMA, Balance of Power, Deterrence, Mediation, Iran

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Published: Dec 2020

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